Simple Vertical Navigation Menu Using HTML & CSS

CSS Vertical Navigation Bar

Do you want to create a Vertical Navigation Menu using HTML and CSS?

This tutorial will help you to know how to create a vertical navigation bar. Although you will find many tutorials on this topic on the Internet. However, in this article, I have given you some special information.

Here I will discuss with you what can be the problem while creating a CSS Vertical Navigation. With this, I have shown step by step how I have created this CSS Vertical menu. Earlier I shared a tutorial on creating horizontal navigation bar CSS.

CSS Vertical Navigation Bar

This is just a demo so here are just four menu items I added. Although you can add a lot of menu items here according to your needs.

 If you don’t understand what I said then follow the demo below. Here you will find out how it works and get all the source code to make it.

See the Pen
Vertical Navigation Menu
by Shantanu Jana (@shantanu-jana)
on CodePen.

In the case of websites, we see the menu bar on the top the most. However, the Vertical Menu bar or side menu bar is currently being used extensively. Many websites have a Vertical menu bar along with a top navigation bar.

I make this design in a very simple way so only HTML and CSS are used here. But here I have used only 2 lines of JavaScript.

How to Create a Vertical Menu in HTML CSS

When you first open this Side Navigation Bar, you can see only a few menu item icons. But no test can be found. The tests will be completely hidden.

Under normal conditions, the width of the Vertical Navigation Menu will be: 67px. When you click on the arrow sign here, the length of the menubar will increase to width: 225px. As a result, the text of the menu item can be seen.

This Responsive Side Navigation Bar is basically for those who are brand new and trying to create a Vertical menu bar for the first time.

Step 1: Basic structure of Vertical Menu

The basic structure of this menu bar has been created using the following HTML and CSS code. As I said before, under normal circumstances the width of this menu bar will be: 67px. Here height: 300px is used. Although the height you can change according to your needs.

<div class=”card”>
  <div class=”menu”>
  </div>
</div>
* {
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
  box-sizing: border-box;
  font-family: ‘Open Sans’, sans-serif;
}
html,
body {
  height: 100vh;
  background-color: #666666;
}
body {
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
}
.card {
  position: relative;
}
.menu {
  width: 67px;
  height: 300px;
  background-color: #ffffff;
  border-radius: 10px;
  box-shadow: 10px 0 50px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);
  overflow: hidden;
  transition: 0.5s;
}
Basic structure of Vertical Menu

After activating this Simple Vertical Navigation Menu, the width of the menu bar has been added here. Although I did the work of activating later.

.menu.active {
  width: 225px;
}

Step 2: Create a button to activate the menu bar

Now I have created an arrow button. As you can see in the demo there is an arrow button. After clicking on it the length of the menu bar has increased. This arrow sign is basically made up of two lines.

<div class=”toggle”>
  <div class=”line-1″></div>
  <div class=”line-2″></div>
</div>
.toggle {
  position: absolute;
  top: -20px;
  right: -15px;
  height: 40px;
  width: 40px;
  border-radius: 50%;
  z-index: 1;
  background-color: #000000;
  border: 4px solid #666666;
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
  cursor: pointer;
}
.line-1,
.line-2 {
  height: 2px;
  width: 15px;
  background-color: #ffffff;
  transition: 0.5s ease;
}

Create a button to activate the menu bar

Above I have designed the line misery. But the work of converting these two lines into an arrow sign has been done by the following CSS. Here the two lines are converted to 35 degrees to each other using transform.

.line-1 {
  transform: rotate(-35deg) translate(5px, 8px);
}
.line-2 {
  transform: rotate(35deg) translate(-8px, 0px);
}
add hover effect to the button

When you activate this menu bar or click on this button, you will need to specify what the arrow sign will change.

.menu.active .line-1 {
  transform: rotate(-45deg) translate(5px, 6px);
}
.menu.active .line-2 {
  transform: rotate(45deg) translate(-5px, 6px);
}

Step 3: Add menu item in Vertical Navigation

Now the menu items have been added to this sidebar. Here an icon is used in each menu item.

<ul>
  <li>
    <i class=”fas fa-home fa-lg”></i>
    <span>Home</span>
  </li>
  <li>
    <i class=”fas fa-envelope fa-lg”></i>
    <span>Messages</span>
  </li>
  <li>
    <i class=”fas fa-cog fa-lg”></i>
    <span>Settings</span>
  </li>
  <li>
    <i class=”fas fa-sign-out-alt fa-lg”></i>
    <span>Log Out</span>
  </li>
</ul>
ul {
  position: relative;
  width: 100%;
}
li {
  position: relative;
  list-style: none;
  height: 75px;
  width: 100%;
  padding-left: 23px;
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
  cursor: pointer;
}
li:hover {
  background-color: #dddddd;
}
Add menu item in Vertical Navigation

Step 4: Design the text of the vertical menu

I have used the following CSS to design the text in the Vertical Navigation bar. Here opacity: 0 is used, which means we will not be able to see these texts under normal circumstances. 

Finally opacity: 1 has been used using Active. This means that text will be visible when this menu bar is activated.

span {
  margin-left: 20px;
  white-space: nowrap;
  visibility: hidden;
  opacity: 0;
}
.menu.active span {
  visibility: visible;
  opacity: 1;
}
Simple Vertical Navigation Menu

Step 5: JavaScript for Vertical Navigation

Now it has been activated using only 2 lines of JavaScript. I have used onclick event here. The Vertical Menu will be active when you click on this arrow button.

let menu = document.querySelector(‘.menu’);
let toggle = document.querySelector(‘.toggle’);
toggle.addEventListener(‘click’, () => {
  menu.classList.toggle(‘active’);
});
Vertical Navigation Menu Using HTML & CSS

Please comment on how you like this Simple Vertical Navigation Menu. In the meantime, I have shared tutorials on many types of Advanced Vertical Navigation. If you need this source code, you can use the download button below.

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