Draggable Div Element using JavaScript (Code + Demo)

draggable div javascript

In this article, you will learn how to create javascript draggable div. What is Draggable Div Element?

Basically, it is an element that you can drag anywhere on the web page. We see this kind of draggable element in many large websites or applications.

Elements that can be dragged from one place to another are called javascript draggable div. In the meantime, I have shared how to create a right-click menu using JavaScript.

I have added a profile card to the basic structure of this draggable div javascript. However, you can add any of your information by excluding the profile card.

Draggable Div JavaScript

When we see this type of element in an application, it seems to be a lot standard. However, it is not so difficult. If you want, you can create this kind of Drag and Drop element using some basic HTML CSS and JavaScript.

If you have difficulty understanding what I am saying then follow the preview below. Here you will find a live preview of this Draggable Div Element design and the required source code.

See the Pen
by Foolish Developer (@foolishdevweb)
on CodePen.

As you can see above, I designed a web page. I made a small box on it. Under normal conditions, this box will be in top: 0 and left: 0 positions. 

You can then move it to the angle and position of your choice. I have created a profile card in this element. For the profile, first, we added the profile image, some basic text, and four social media buttons.

How to create draggable div in javascript

Although this profile is not part of the Drag element. I just added the card to add some information. Shared step-by-step tutorials here. For this, you must have some idea about HTML CSS JavaScript.

Step 1: Basic structure of draggable div

First I created the basic structure of the Drag element. Here you can create using a single div if you want. But I have used a div and a header here. 

Div is basically the basic structure and the header is the part where you can drag by clicking. Although the length of the header here is equal to the size of the whole box. So you can move Div Element by clicking on any part of the box.

<div id=”dragable”>
   <header id=”dragzone”>

I have designed the webpage of this project using the following CSS codes. Here a blue color is used in the background of the webpage.

* {
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
border: none;
box-sizing: border-box;
-webkit-tap-highlight-color: transparent;
body {
height: 100%;
body {
background: #78c7ed;
font-family: sans-serif;
Basic structure of draggable div

Step 2: Basic design of Div Element

Now the basic structure of the element or the box has been created. Box width: 21rem, height: 21rem, and a light border has been used all around. Shadow has been used here to enhance the beauty.

#dragable {
width: 21rem;
height: 21rem;
border: 0.2rem solid #0f2c65;
border-radius: 0.2rem;
position: absolute;
z-index: 9;
box-shadow: 2px 4px 18px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);
transition: border-color 0.2s, box-shadow 0.2s;

Now we will design the header. This is basically where we can click and move the JavaScript Draggable Div Element. Here I have used 100% of the length and height. 

This will allow you to move it by clicking anywhere in the entire box. Cursor: move is used here, so moving the mouse over the box will change the style of the cursor.

#dragable #dragzone {
width: 100%;
height: 100%;
cursor: move;
z-index: 10;
background-color: #0f2c65;
Basic design of Div Element

When you click on the box or move it, the style changes a bit. Although it will not work without JavaScript.

#dragable.drag {
border-color: white;
box-shadow: 3px 6px 24px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.5);

Step 3: Activate Draggable Div using JavaScript

Now it’s time to implement this HTML Drag and Drop via JavaScript. It is comparatively much harder. For this, you must have an idea about JavaScript. 

Here we have shared the necessary explanations of the code lines. Hopefully, these codes will not be a problem for you to understand.

 const dragElement = (element, dragzone) => {
    let pos1 = 0,
      pos2 = 0,
      pos3 = 0,
      pos4 = 0;
//MouseUp occurs when the user releases the mouse button
    const dragMouseUp = () => {
      document.onmouseup = null;
//onmousemove attribute fires when the pointer is moving while it is over an element.
      document.onmousemove = null;
    const dragMouseMove = (event) => {
//preventDefault() method cancels the event if it is cancelable
//clientX property returns the horizontal coordinate of the mouse pointer
      pos1 = pos3 – event.clientX;
//clientY property returns the vertical coordinate of the mouse pointer
      pos2 = pos4 – event.clientY;
      pos3 = event.clientX;
      pos4 = event.clientY;
//offsetTop property returns the top position relative to the parent
      element.style.top = `${element.offsetTop – pos2}px`;
      element.style.left = `${element.offsetLeft – pos1}px`;
    const dragMouseDown = (event) => {
      pos3 = event.clientX;
      pos4 = event.clientY;
      document.onmouseup = dragMouseUp;
      document.onmousemove = dragMouseMove;
    dragzone.onmousedown = dragMouseDown;
  const dragable = document.getElementById(“dragable”),
    dragzone = document.getElementById(“dragzone”);
  dragElement(dragable, dragzone);
Draggable Div using JavaScript

To make this div element draggable complete the work above. Now you can move this element anywhere.

 You can add any information here. Here I have added a profile card. If you want to add a profile card to that draggable element then follow the steps below. Otherwise, skip the steps.

Step 4: Add content to Draggable Element (more…)

Continue ReadingDraggable Div Element using JavaScript (Code + Demo)

Drag and Drop Elements Using JavaScript & CSS

Drag and Drop Elements Using JavaScript

In this tutorial, you will learn how to create javascript drag and drop elements. We see drag and drop JavaScript elements in different web pages or applications. That means we can drag those elements as we wish and keep them wherever we wish.

This type of JavaScript Drag and Drop Sortable is very easy to make. This tutorial will help you if you know basic JavaScript.

The design I have shown here is relatively advanced. Many drag elements have been used here. Earlier I shared a tutorial where I created this project by an element.

JavaScript Drag and Drop

I have created an image gallery with many images here. You can drag each of those images to the place of your choice.

If you do not understand what I am saying then watch the demo below. This preview will help you understand how it works.

See the Pen
by Foolish Developer (@foolishdevweb)
on CodePen.

As you can see I have created a small gallery of some images. Here are 6 images. Under normal circumstances, these images will stand side by side. Then you can drag and drop those images.

How to make drag and drop in javascript

Clicking on any image and dragging it will follow your mouse cursor. This type of design you can use in any of your applications or web pages. 

It will definitely give your user a new kind of experience. This javascript drag and drop is relatively easy to make.

I have given step by step tutorial below. If you only want the source code then you can see the following sections of the article. Here you will find live previews, step-by-step tutorials, and source code.

Step 1: Basic Area of Drag Elements

First created an area in which all the images can be seen in normal conditions.

<div class=”container”>

I designed the web page using the following codes. Here we have designed a background color and more on the web page.

* {
box-sizing: border-box;
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
font-family: “Recursive”, sans-serif;
body {
display: flex;
justify-content: center;
align-items: center;
min-height: 100vh;
flex-direction: column;
background-color: #333;

Now I will design the box in which all the images can be seen. The width of that area: 45vw, height: 40vh.

.container {
display: flex;
justify-content: center;
align-items: center;
width: 45vw;
height: 40vh;
max-width: 700px;
margin: 0 auto;
flex-wrap: wrap;

Step 2: Drag Elements have been added (more…)

Continue ReadingDrag and Drop Elements Using JavaScript & CSS